Ode to Autumn Critical Summary is an analysis of this romantic poem written by John Keats. Keats, a wonderful romantic, personifies Autumn in conveying the message that the beauty of autumn is ought to be enjoyed though it be transitory and short lived. Keats sees autumn separate from winter, a season of fog associated with sadness and sorrow. The poet appears to profess the need to enjoy the beauty though it be for present hour, though it may soon be followed with greater grief, winter.
The description of the landscape is perfect. The poet has used extensive imagery to create the sensual experience even more enrapturing. Actually, Keats was impressed by the beautiful imagery of the autumn period which inspired him to write this poem. The poem begins with the concrete images of autumn and ends on the images of approaching winter.
In autumn, fruits are ripe. There are mists. The sun and autumn appear “close bosom friend” because they conspired for the ripeness of the fruits of all kinds. The sensual imagery of trees bent with the load of apples is very appealing. The ground has swollen with several plants and shrubs while hazel nuts are pulpy now. After visual imagery, the poet imagines that soon there will be flowers and bees shall visit them for collecting nectar. The bees, or perhaps the poet, may believe that the blessed “warm days will never cease” though it winter is looming. It seems as if the role of autumn is “to load”, “to bend”, “to swell” and “to set” the process of nature.
“Who hath not seen thee often mid thy store” is the emotional reaction of the poet. For Keats autumn is always there working on the ripening of the fruits. Autumn is in the fields, on the “granary floor” and on a “half reaped furrow”. Since the poet has personified autumn, hence, we may even see her as a harvester working in the fields, storing the harvest and oozing at some half reaped furrow. We may clearly sight a halt in the activity of autumn. However, it is quite evident that after the harvest it is the time for entry of winter while autumn must leave. “Sound asleep” and “the last oozing hours” suggest awakening of winter, a change or perhaps end if seen at deeper and symbolical levels.
Further Reading to Ode to Autumn Critical Summary:
- John Keats as a Romantic Poet
- Negative Capability of John Keats’ Poetry
- Ode to Nightingale Analysis
- MA English Notes
- MA English Syllabus
- Ode to Autumn Further References